Something, such as a fetter, cord, or band, that binds, ties, or fastens things together. A uniting force or tie; a link: the familial bond. A substance or agent that causes two or more objects or parts to cohere. A systematically overlapping or alternating arrangement of bricks or stones in a wall, designed to increase strength and stability. A written obligation requiring the payment of a sum at a certain time. A debt security obligating a government or corporation to pay a specified amount on a future date, especially a marketable security that makes semiannual interest payments. A guarantee issued by a surety agency on behalf of a client, requiring the surety to pay a sum of money to a third party in the event the client fails to fulfill certain obligations; a surety bond. The condition of being held under the guarantee of a customs bond: imported merchandise stored in bond. An insurance contract that indemnifies an employer for loss resulting from a fraudulent or dishonest act by an employee; a fidelity bond. To join securely, as with glue or cement.
Building history: bricks and mortar
Brick-work is so common that we don’t give it a second thought. What could be less interesting than a brick, you might think! But brickwork evolved to meet the needs of society, and over the centuries it has continually responded to changing needs, technology and fashions. The Romans had bricks, but they were very different from what we think of as a brick today.
This thesis assesses Charleston’s masonry buildings’ susceptibility to seismic damage by their orientation, date of construction, brick bond, use.
Philadelphia is a city rich with architectural history, with many private residences dating back to the colonial era. Due to a stroke of geographical good fortune, the city rested atop a bed of high-quality brick clay just below the surface. Concurrently, concrete blocks were developed. Less expensive to manufacture and construct, concrete blocks quickly began to displace bricks in foundation walls and as backup for wall facings. Yet despite the loss of brick manufacturing, brick remains an emblematic element of Philadelphia architecture.
Generally regarded as the oldest of brick laying styles, the English bond is characterized by alternating courses each horizontal row of bricks is a course of stretchers the long side of the brick and headers the narrow side. In a Flemish bond, headers and stretchers alternate continually within each course. Often, bricklayers used burnt headers, creating a visually engaging facade with a mix of red and black.
Frequently used for veneer, running bond uses only stretchers. These headers tie the wall to the backing masonry material. By: Solo Team June 18, By: Solo Team May 21, Solo Deborah E.
The present invention relates to brick bonds, and more particularly relates to a heat-insulation and water-proofing brick bond which is easy to set up and can effectively protect against heat transmission or water permeation. In conventional roofing construction, roofing cement is polished and coverd with a layer of roofing felt or PU sheet for protection against permeation of water, and then, a brick bond or foamed concrete is set on the top to resist against heat transmission.
This conventional roofing construction procedure is complicated and expensive to perform. At the same time, it gives a heavy load to the roof of a building. The present invention is to provide a heat-insulation and water-proofing brick bond for roofing construction, which is easy and inexpensive to install and can effectively protect against heat transmission and water permeation.
Flemish bond is a frustrating misnomer because this brick bond is not A s date makes the building an interesting architectural anomaly.
You are in [ Themes ] [Bricks and Tiles]. Most of Hungerford’s buildings are of brick and tile. The earliest bricks are those found in use around 7,BC in Turkey and near Jericho. Baked clay roof tiles are known to have been used in Greece in the 2nd millenium BC. The Romans introduced hard kiln-fired clay bricks all over their empire, and for building in Britain but the Saxons preferred wood for building and brick making died out in Britain.
Building with brick was only reintroduced from the Continent after the Norman Conquest and then only with imported bricks, many arriving as ballast in ships returning after transporting English wool to Flanders. Brick making in England started in the early s. Even then most brickwork carried out was to large public buildings and houses of high status. It was not until about the 16th century that bricks became more widely used for smaller houses. Bricks were often poorly made locally, and were of inconsistent size.
Because they were usually sold by number they were often undersized! In the time of Elizabeth I bricks that we recognise as Tudor bricks became standard.
English Bond and its Kin
Bricks are so common that we hardly spare them a glance, but in areas of the country with no suitable local building stone, brick has been the most important durable building material since Roman times. Brick is still favoured as the material of choice for many new-build projects, especially housing developments. Despite being renowned for its durability, problems in brickwork can be very serious. They are often caused by subsidence, settlement or bowing, but more commonly are the result of poor or incorrect maintenance.
Repointing with the wrong type of mortar, inappropriate cleaning by grit blasting or chemicals, or the application of water-repellent coatings, can all cause problems.
The bond is basically the pattern in which bricks were laid. This pattern Unfortunately, dating brickwork by itself isn’t very easy. Bricks tend to.
Brickwork is masonry produced by a bricklayer , using bricks and mortar. Typically, rows of bricks called courses   are laid on top of one another to build up a structure such as a brick wall. Bricks may be differentiated from blocks by size. For example, in the UK a brick is defined as a unit having dimensions less than Brick is a popular medium for constructing buildings, and examples of brickwork are found through history as far back as the Bronze Age.
The fired-brick faces of the ziggurat of ancient Dur-Kurigalzu in Iraq date from around BC, and the brick buildings of ancient Mohenjo-daro in Pakistan were built around BC.
EP1474578B1 – Coupling mat for brick bonds – Google Patents
Dating buildings is important for survey reports: particularly for conservation appraisals, archaeological assessments, and for predicting age-related latent defects, such as Georgian ‘snapped-header’ walls, inter- wars ‘Regent Street Disease’, or post-war high-alumina cement concrete deterioration1. When a building is original, and typical of its period, its age can usually be judged by its external appearance alone.
Every era has its distinctive architectural styles, ranging from wavy roofs of the s, to bow-backed Georgian terraces of the s. But when a building is nondescript, atypical a folly , has been altered, extended or overclad, we need to examine its structure.
Shaped bricks in traditional Iranian architecture directly affect the placement, size and brick arrangement rules. This article is the first attempt to.
Britain first acquired the skills to manufacture fired clay bricks when large parts of the country became part of the Roman Empire in the 1st century AD. The bricks made by the Romans were generally wider and thinner than those today and were used in various ways, including as lacing courses in walls of rubble stonemasonry and in the construction of supporting pillars for hypocaust heating systems.
When the Romans left Britain in the 5th century, so too did brick-making, until the 12th century. Construction on this began in the 11th century, reusing materials from the Roman British town Verulamium. The earliest known use of brick manufactured in the UK after the Romans left is widely regarded as being Coggeshall Abbey in Essex, the oldest parts of the monastic buildings dating to Beverley North Bar in East Yorkshire is a very good surviving example of medieval English brickwork, construction of which began around The bricks used were thin at 50mm and, as with indigenous bricks of the time, somewhat uneven in shape and size.
Flemish checker is the most common form of patterned brickwork. Extant examples of decorative, patterned brickwork occur between North Carolina and Connecticut—with a concentration of houses, built generally by Quakers between and , in southwestern New Jersey. Roots of the practice are in England, specifically Tudor England. A commonality is the use of Flemish diagonal bond—a complex pattern of stretcher courses alternating with courses of one or two stretchers between headers, at various offsets so that, over ten courses, a diamond-shaped or diaper pattern appears.
half-brick Stretcher bond. 3 Use bricks to we refer to Stretcher bond as half-brick walling. Sometimes a junction wall may be added at a later date after the.
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Families of bricklayers have shaped the landscape of Westchester and the Lower Hudson Valley for more than years. Their mark is all around us — in our homes, music halls, aqueducts and places of worship. In this workshop, participants will learn about the rich history of bricklaying in the region, will explore the structural significance and aesthetic beauty of various brick bond patterns and joints and, with professional guidance from Westchester bricklayers, build a wall by using introductory masonry techniques.
Wear casual clothing and appropriate footwear no open-toed shoes. Online RSVP encouraged. He began his career at the age of 14 when he apprentices with his father in Mt.
date of most of these brick construction remains. a frame of reference for dating masonry is available based on the type of brick bond, the.
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